Practice graphing while cleaning up the school! In this engaging title, a summer storm leaves the school in a mess, so students work to clean it up. Young readers can practice their graphing and STEM skills by creating graphs of the items collected to determine what needs to be recycled. This book improves graphing skills and encourages students to help their schools in any time of need! With vibrant images, simple examples, clear charts, and helpful mathematical diagrams, this book will make children confident in their graphing skills.
Practice addition and encourage young readers to be environmentally conscious in this engaging reader! Children will not only practice their addition skills through practice problems and mathematical charts and diagrams, but they will also learn more about where their trash goes and what sanitation workers do. Using early STEM themes, teach children all about addition while teaching them about other topics such as recycling.
Use information about the Main Street animal shelter to practice graphing! This title introduces young readers to bar graphs, pictographs, and related early STEM concepts. Vivid, familiar images, clear tallies, and simple mathematical diagrams help children understand graphs and encourage them to create their own!
After problems developed with the Articles of Confederation, America's leaders wrote the U.S. Constitution. Although our founding fathers were happy with their work on the Constitution, it was missing an important part. The Bill of Rights was soon added to protect individual American rights.
John Jay served in all three branches of the government. Once the Constitution was written, he was a staunch supporter of the document, joining some other men in anonymously writing â€œThe Federalist Papers,â€ which explained to the public why the Constitution should be ratified. Soon after, he was made chief justice of the Supreme Court, and he was given the position of declaring laws unconstitutional for the very first time.
The westward expansion of the United States included obtaining several areas of land, including the Louisiana Territory, Texas, the Gadsden Purchase, and Alaska. These acquisitions changed the course of America forever.
Slavery was a complicated issue that divided the country to the point of war. Even after the war, slavery was not totally resolved. Freedom came because of the foresight of many people like Abraham Lincoln, the Quakers, and the abolitionists who believed that people were all created equal.
Harriet Tubman was a slave who dreamed of freedom from a very young age. After her escape at 29, she did everything she could to help and rescue other slaves. In her later years, she built a home to take care of elderly African Americans with no place to live and encouraged women to stand together for their rights.
Sitting Bull was a powerful Hunkpapa Lakota Indian Chief whoâ€”along with the Lakota Indians and other nearby tribesâ€”was involved in brutal battles with the United States over land issues. All tribes that were fighting to avoid the reservation eventually surrendered, and the Lakota people were no exception.
During the 1800s, the United States was in conflict over slavery. Though compromises were made, neither side was pleased. Abolitionists and pro-slavery people engaged in conflicts and often deadly clashes. With South Carolina and other southern states seceding, war was inevitable.
Abraham Lincoln was president during one of the most unique times in history. With a country on the brink of war, his ultimate goal was to keep the Union together. When Lincoln freed the slaves, he angered many Southerners, including his assassin, John Wilkes Booth.
More men lost their lives during the battles of the Civil War than in any other war involving the United States. No one suspected that it would last four long years. At the beginning of the war, the battles were fought in southern territory. Each conflict brought more death and despair. In the end, the South surrendered, but everyone actually lost. Together, everyone faced the tremendous challenge of forgiving each other and rebuilding the nation.
Batter up and explore the comprehensive history of America's favorite pastimeâ€”baseball! This fun book features baseball's timeline, which follows the evolution of the baseball official rules through time. Also addressed are the first African American and Women's baseball leagues. Photos will keep readers engaged and vocabulary related to the game and its history is provided.
Earth is made up of atmosphere that protects us from the sun and contains our air supply. The next part is the hydrosphere, which is all the water on the planet. The third is the geosphere, the rocks. All three parts are closely connected. If we do not take care of one part of Earth, such as the ocean, we hurt the entire planet. Scientists all over the world are working to find ways to reduce pollution and make our Earth healthier.
Rachel Carson began writing about nature when she was just 10 years old. She became a zoologist in 1932 and went to work for the United States government as a biologist and writer. She wrote about natural resources and encouraged others to care for the planet. She wrote books that helped people understand the world around them. Everyone can play a part in keeping the Earth healthy.
Energy is all around usâ€”humans use energy, machines use energy, and heat and power use energy. Energy is found in many forms, and there are many energy sources. People are working to develop new, renewable sources of energy for future generations.
George Washington Carver was born a slave, but he became an important scientist and teacher. He experimented with soil and became famous for his work as a botanist. He used peanuts and other plants to make new products. Before Carver's research, plants were only used for food and clothing. His creative approach to agriculture taught people that plants could be used to make many products, like rubber, ink, fuel, and paper, to name a few.
Plants and animals that need one another in an environment form an ecosystem. All ecosystems have energy pyramids that show the exchange of energy from one food source to another. Biomes are areas of the Earth that have their own climate and characteristics. Ecosystems all over the world are in danger due to pollution, hunting, and other factors. By conserving water, recycling, and reducing pollution, we can help protect Earth's ecosystems and biomes.
Ecologists study the connections living things have with one another and their surroundings. John Woodward did some of the first ecology experiments in 1699 and figured out algae bloom. Aldo Leopold's work led to the Endangered Species Act to protect plants and animals from becoming extinct, and he led the U.S. government to begin considering the environmental impact of land use. Eugene Odum was the first to see Earth as a set of interlocking ecosystems. His work led to laws to protect wetlands.
The years between World War I and World War II were years of change and reform. The role of women changed and the social status of African Americans began the slow process of reform. Industry continued to grow as the demand for cars increased. When the Great Depression occurred in 1929, life in America changed drastically as many people found themselves poor and homeless.
Many talented and skilled immigrants came to America from various places in the world and brought with them their own cultures and traditions to enrich the American culture and way of life. Among the famous immigrants whose lives have impacted the twentieth century are Elijah McCoy, Irving Berlin, Father Edward Flanagan, and I. M. Pei.
The Middle East is comprised of many small countries, each with its own government. Volatile issues of religious extremism, the supply and demand of oil, and the establishment of the nation of Israel in 1948 have caused constant conflict. Several prominent leaders have arisen in the Middle East and have worked toward peace in this region, while others have been instigators of violence throughout the world.
The Middle East is a place of conflict based on the controversial nation of Israel, religious extremism, and the Middle Eastern oil supply. The Middle East produces 65% of the world's oil. Oil has been responsible for many interactions between industrialized countries and the Middle East. Many times, those interactions have led to conflict. Its history and culture provide insight and understanding to world events taking place there.
Martin Luther King Jr. grew up knowing that there needed to be a change in the way that African Americans were treated, and he held a dream from the time he was a young boy that he would help make that change happen. Unlike most of the activists in the Civil Rights Movement, Martin Luther King Jr. was committed to nonviolence.
Although slavery was illegal at the beginning of the twentieth century, segregation was prevalent, especially in the South. Through many uprisings, protests, and demonstrations, segregation was finally abolished and civil rights were established for people of varying colors, races, and genders. Today, we celebrate diversity in our nation because of the Civil Rights Movement of the twentieth century.