On January 24, 1848 a man named James W. Marshall found gold at Sutter's Mill in Coloma, California. This compelling title explains how Marshalls discovery sparked gold fever and lured thousands of people west in search of great fortunes. Primary source accounts and historical photographs trace the history of the gold rush in California as well as the later Klondike gold rush.
Mountaineer George Mallory disappeared attempting to conquer the highest peak in the world. Seventy-five years later, Mallorys body was finally found on Everest. This exciting book describes how his quest began an obsession by other climbers to be the first to the top, and how Everest has become a magnet for amateurs and tourists since it was finally conquered by Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay in 1953.
First-hand accounts, historical photographs, and engaging text combine to explore the experiences of immigrants to North America during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. This fascinating title details the reasons for immigration and the challenges faced and contributions made by immigrants. In addition to Ellis Island, Angel Island, Grosse-isle, Quebec, and other immigration points in North America are discussed.
For centuries, exploration of the Arctic has been pursued for its potential value as a commercial sea route. Many expeditions tried in vain to navigate its frozen waterways. This timely book tells the stories of famous expeditions to find a Northwest Passage from the Atlantic to the Pacific, to map the frozen wasteland, and to be the first to reach the North Pole.
This fascinating title takes the reader to one of the most isolated prisons on the planet where some Americas worst criminals were held. This is the story of how Alcatraz was created, what it was like to live there, and why it was virtually impossible to escape from.
This title takes us behind the scenes into president Abraham Lincolns decision to end slavery 150 years ago.
This captivating title looks at extinction--from the dinosaurs, 65 million years ago, to the possible extinction of species in our world today.
This title provides a factual and in-depth look at one of the bloodiest battles in American history. Features include a day-by-day breakdown of events, profiles of major figures, and a detailed review of President Lincoln's Gettysburg Address, one of the most important speeches in American history.
As the 50th anniversary of the 1963 march for Civil Rights in Washington, D.C. approaches, this timely book looks at its organization, the key players, and why it is still relevant today.
This fascinating title brings Ancient history to life with a clear, easy-to-understand overview of the Mayan culture and the mystery surrounding their calendar.
The Samurai may have been the rock stars of the warrior class in medieval Japan, but the Ninjas were the secret agents. Known also as shinobi, which means "to steal away," Ninjas kept to the shadows and practiced espionage for their clan leaders. This exciting book details the history and skills of these stealthy, farming-class saboteurs who were masters of 18 warrior skills, including the martial art ninjutsu.
Readers will discover that the natural element carbon is found in all living things, including people. This fascinating book explains how the Earths supply of carbon moves among Earth's oceans, atmosphere, ecosystem, and geosphere in a process called the carbon cycle. Accessible text and detailed images help explain such processes as photosynthesis, respiration, and decomposition. Feature boxes highlight examples of the ways in which human activity, such as burning fossil fuels, releases too much carbon dioxide into the air disrupting the balance of the carbon cycle. Readers are encouraged to find ways to take action and find solutions.
This volume details the crucial early battles of the Civil War in 1861-62, including the firing on Fort Sumter, the Confederate victory at First Manassas (Bull Run), Stonewall Jackson's Shenandoah Valley campaign, the Union victory at Shiloh, and Robert E. Lee's Second Manassas (Bull Run) success. Timelines, annotated diagrams, and colorful maps bring each battle to life.
This fascinating book describes Canadas coming of age during World War I on the battlefields and at home. When Britain declared war on Germany, it meant that Canada was at war, too. Most Canadians supported the war, but the government faced opposition about conscription from French-speaking Canadians who did not feel a particular loyalty to Britain. In the air, the incredible feats of Canadian flying ace Billy Bishop made him a hero back home. On the battlefield, Britain came to rely on Canadian soldiers, who had a formidable reputation for taking and holding military objectives when other troops had failed. Find out how the victories of Canadian shock troops in battles at Ypres (where they faced mustard gas poisoning), the Somme, Vimy Ridge, Hill 70, and Passchendaele helped give Canada a presence on the world stage.
This thoughtful book describes the course of events that followed the armistice of November 11, 1918, which stopped the fighting in World War I. Readers will learn about the Paris Peace Conference of 1919 where the leaders of Britain, France, and the United States met to agree on how to deal with Germany and other defeated countries. This meeting resulted in the creation of the League of Nations, and set out terms for the Treaty of Versailles and the redrawing of the map of Europe. Discussion boxes describe how the crippling financial penalties and political and military restrictions placed on Germany would contribute to Germanys rise in power again and a Second World War. Highlighted sections also look at the legacy of World War I in terms of advances in warfare, technology, medicine, and womens rights.
When war was declared in Europe in 1914, Americans were divided about becoming involved. President Wilson vowed to keep the United States neutral and tried to influence each side in the war through diplomacy. In this compelling book, readers will learn how the loss of American lives on the torpedoed ship RMS Lusitania and a telegram from Germany asking Mexico to join the German side convinced the American government to declare war on Germany in 1917. Find out how the American people responded at home, and how fresh troops from the United States, nicknamed doughboys, helped re-energize the Allies fight. Victories in the air by American aces, such as Rickenbacker, and on the battlefields of Amiens, the Marne, and the Argonne Forest are highlighted.
Events in 1917 had a dramatic influence on the course of World War I. This exciting book about the second half of World War I details the effects of the political revolution in Russia and the entry of the United States into the war. Exciting stories of tank warfare, war at sea, and war in the airhighlighting famous flying acesare featured along with such famous battles as Vimy, Passchendaele, and the Hundred Day Offensive. Find out how fresh U.S. forces helped bring the war to a conclusion and an armistice, or agreement to stop fighting, with Germany.
This fascinating title sets the world scene in the years before the start of World War I. Readers will get a snapshot of the political and social climates of the five great European powers: Britain, France, Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Russia. Rapid industrial development and a movement toward solving differences through military action led countries to create alliances between them. The feeling in Europe was that war was inevitable, and Germany was the first to make the move. Find out how an assassination set off a chain of declarations of war, and how Germany put their war machine into motion with the Schlieffen Plana strategy that called for the invasion of neutral countries.
Abraham Lincoln. Robert E. Lee. Ulysses S. Grant. William Tecumseh Sherman. Jefferson Davis. Stonewall Jackson. These larger than life figures tower in history and their decisions and actions influenced the progress and outcome of the Civil War. This volume gives background on the politicians, generals, naval and militia commanders, and other prominent people who were involved in the Civil War, including African American leaders and women.
More than 3 million men served in the Union and Confederate militaries during the Civil War. This volume traces their recruitment, training, battle tactics, weapons, food and clothing, and medical care during the long struggle. Issues of conscription, desertion, African American regiments, and prisoners of war are covered. Primary source text and period photographs bring the battlefield camps and soldiers' experiences to life for young readers.
The Civil War was the costliest conflict in United States history, claiming more than 600,000 lives. It was also a transformative event that freed nearly 4 million slaves and changed the nation. This volume examines the aftermath of the Civil War, including the assassination of Lincoln, amnesty, constitutional amendments, Reconstruction, Compromise, Disenfranchisement, and the lasting legacy for all Americans.
This comprehensive title explores the outcomes of the American Revolution, including how the independent states formed governments based on the very principles for which they had fought, The book also examines the legacy of the American Revolution and how it influenced others against oppressive power or colonial systems in France, Latin America, and Asia.
The election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860 and the secession crisis that followed was not just the prelude to the Civil War, but the culmination of deep-rooted controversies and conflicts spanning many decades. This volume explores the chief causes for the Civil War. The economic, geographic, cultural, and social differences, between the northern and southern states are examined. Slavery, the Abolitionist movement, and events such as the Dred Scott decision are covered in detail.
As the Civil War entered its final years in 1864-65, several important campaigns would be fought. Petersburg, Mobile Bay, Franklin/Nashville, Sherman's March to the Sea, and Five Forks are all covered in this volume. The significance of General Robert E. Lee's surrender at Appomattox Court House is also discussed. Primary source text and photographs accompany colorful maps and timelines.
This insightful book examines the political, social, and economic factors and events leading to arguably the most important event in the history of the United Statesthe American Revolution. Using clear, concise text and engaging images, the book examines events leading up to the American Revolution, including the French and Indian War, the Stamp Act, the Intolerable Acts, the Boston Massacre, and the Boston Tea Party. Primary source accounts represent different perspectives and shed light on social, political, and economical causes of the American Revolution.