Dolley Madison was considered the first First Lady of the United States. Even before her husband James Madison took office, Dolley was White House hostess for the widowed Thomas Jefferson. Known for her personality and style, she hosted dinners and gatherings in a White House that she decorated. She held the nation's first Inaugural Ball. She convinced her husband to start inviting members of Congress from both political parties to social events. During the War of 1812, when the British advanced to burn Washington, she stayed long enough to rescue a portrait of George Washington. When the British left, she helped convince the nation to rebuild its capital in Washington. Find out how this first First Lady defined the role for future women to follow.
The seventh of eleven children, Edith Bolling grew up to become one of the most controversial women in American history. Early on, she became a successful businesswoman and the first female to own an automobile in Washington, D.C. It was love at first sight when widowed President Woodrow Wilson met Edith. Her husband's constant companion and confidante, Edit supported the President during World War I and accompanied him abroad and across the nation to campaign for world peace. Edith did not refer to herself as First Lady but as Mrs. Wilson. Ever at her husband's side, she screened all matters of state when a stroke left him bedridden. Her critics called her secret president, and first woman to run the government. Did Edith serve as President in an age when women were not even allowed to vote? The world may never know for certain.
Reading the 27 amendments built into America's constitution may not seem exciting at first. Look beyond the old-fashioned phrasing and the government terms, however, and you will find remarkable details. You will meet political leaders and representatives struggling to make the wisest choices, American citizens fighting for basic rights, and a country that is constantly adjusting to the changes it faces with every passing year. The story behind each amendment is important to understand-and fascinating to learn.
After the Revolutionary War established the independent United States of America, a different kind of revolution took place. Between Shays' Rebellion and the final flourish of a quill pen on the Constitution, the country's greatest leaders faced a challenge that would either keep the states together or tear them apart. From the roads of Boston to Independence Hall in Philadelphia, delegates battled out the particulars of how the new country would be governed. In this inspiring story of leadership, discover how diplomacy and compromise created a document that would defend the nation's freedom at once and for the future.
The British Army-the best in the world-expected to easily win the war against the American colonies. It was a war that should have been a short footnote in the history of the British Empire. The Continental Army-made up of farmers, merchants, and craftsmen-scarcely fought with gunpowder, let alone guns. They could not possibly succeed in their quest to form a new nation. On the way to victory, the British met American Commander-in-Chief George Washington, a man with an indomitable will. He led an army that refused to lose, no matter how great the odds or how many times it was discounted. In the end, it was the British who were desperate for peace. This is the story of the Revolutionary War and how it produced a country forged on freedom.
Most people have heard Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's famous poem, The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere. Many also know that this famous ride took place the night before the American Revolution began. But do you know about the events that led up to this important war in our nation's history? The British colonies fought for their independence from England for a number of reasons-including taxation without representation in England's Parliament. Within this book, you will learn exactly what drove the colonists to wage war against their mother country-and also what helped them gain important advantages even before war broke out.
Imprisoned for 27 years, Nelson Mandela became a symbol in the fight against the oppression of the black majority by South Africa's apartheid government. The first in his family to attend school, Mandela was given the English name Nelson by his teacher on his first day. As Mandela moved up the educational ladder, he became more and more involved in social justice. When he became a lawyer, he joined the African National Congress (ANC), an organization whose purpose was to increase the rights of black South Africans. In 1961, Mandela helped found a military branch of the ANC that used guerrilla attacks against the government. His imprisonment became a rallying point for black South Africansand eventually the world. International pressure against the government helped bring about the end of apartheid and Mandela's release in 1990. Mandela was elected president, serving from 1994 to 1999, and remains a figure revered and loved by his grateful nation.
Police officers are the protective barrier standing between the public on one side and lawlessness on the other - the so-called "thin blue line." A high-stress job, officers face daily interactions in stressful situations where the element of risk is always lurking. An officer's main duty is to maintain law and order within a community, which means they are regularly face to face with citizens and out patrolling the streets. This book looks at the duties of police officers in crime prevention, the apprehension of offenders, and emergency situations.
Have you ever wondered why "money makes the world go round"? This book introduces readers to basic personal finance skills. Real world examples help readers learn the importance of math skills for money management. Callouts prompt inquiry, further thinking, and close examination of photographs. Additional text features and search tools, including a glossary and an index, help students locate information and learn new words.
Have you ever wondered why you pay taxes on some things but not others? This book introduces readers to tax-paying. Real world examples help readers learn the importance of math skills for money management. Callouts prompt inquiry, further thinking, and close examination of photographs. Additional text features and search tools, including a glossary and an index, help students locate information and learn new words.
CITIZENSHIP: Get involved in community affairs. Stay informed. Vote. The 21st Century Jr. Library Character Education books help kids learn how to make the choices that will help them be people of good character.
Campaign ads are inescapable, especially in election years. Asking Questions about Political Campaigns shows what goes into those ads, how successful campaigns get their messages across, and how political campaigns and the media influence each other. Case studies prompt inquiry, further thinking, and close examination of specific issues. Additional text features and search tools, including a glossary and an index, help students locate information and learn new words.
Readers will learn what it takes to succeed as an FBI special agent. The book also explains the necessary educational steps, useful character traits, potential hazards, and daily job tasks related to this career. Sidebars include thought-provoking trivia. Questions in the backmatter ask for text-dependent analysis. Photos, a glossary, and additional resources are included.
What are women's rights? Don't all women have the same rights as men? What are the consequences of gender inequality? Find out more about the legal and cultural practices that foster inequality and start thinking about what you think should be done to confront the issue.
How do you measure poverty? What are the effects of poverty? What can we do to prevent poverty? Learn about poverty and its many faces around the world and to start thinking about what you can do about this global social problem.
Is immigration a basic human right? Does each country have the right to decide who can enter its borders? What is an illegal immigrant? Start learning about immigration and begin looking at the many different sides of this social issue.
Television shows have made the work of these scientists familiar to many people. These technicians unlock the clues to crime through science. Look inside to see what a crime scene investigator does, and what it takes to become one.
Law enforcement is keeping up with technology - and the criminals attempting to take advantage of it. Cyber cops use the latest electronic devices to track and find the bad guys.
Best-selling books and television shows have helped unlock the mystery behind the work of these scientists. Using amazing tools and techniques, these workers unlock the clues to solve a case. Look inside to explore what forensic scientists do and how they do it.
The Bill of Rights in the US Constitution the rights of all citizens. The government and its leaders must protect those basic rights. Look inside to learn more about the rights outlined in the Bill of Rights and what we have done to guarantee them.
The right and privilege to vote give people great power. They can choose leaders and affect great change. Look inside for information about history for this right and its importance in the 21st century.
This study makes the United States government system - three branches with checks and balances - clear and understandable.
One of the key features in a democracy such as that in the United States is the right to elect our leaders. Certain groups in the United States have had to fight for this right. Look inside to learn about the history of American voting rights and the future of elections in the 21st century.
Governments provide many services - fire and police protection, education, medical care and more. So many we sometimes take them for granted. Look inside to discover the services government provides and why we pay taxes to fund them.
The US Constitution established the nation's government and laws. The judicial branch - courts, judges, and juries - make sure the laws are fair and keep people safe. Look inside to learn more about the amazing document and the work of the judicial branch of government.