Pocahontas was the daughter of the great Chief Powhatan. Pocahontas was instrumental in helping Jamestown settlers survive a difficult winter and literally keeping peace between two diverse cultures.
Thomas Jefferson was a gifted writer whose words helped form the country. Although at one time he wanted to be a great speaker, he found comfort and ease in writing. Not only was he a great writer, but also an architect, inventor, surveyor, scientist, and a brilliant politician. He wanted to make life better for all people.
George Washington helped form the United States into what it is today by making wise decisions. After becoming a war hero in the French and Indian War, he went on to lead a fight against the British in the American Revolution. He continued his legacy by becoming the first president of the United States.
John Jay served in all three branches of the government. Once the Constitution was written, he was a staunch supporter of the document, joining some other men in anonymously writing â€œThe Federalist Papers,â€ which explained to the public why the Constitution should be ratified. Soon after, he was made chief justice of the Supreme Court, and he was given the position of declaring laws unconstitutional for the very first time.
Lewis and Clark were commissioned by President Thomas Jefferson to find a water route from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean. The men were also asked to explore the newly purchased Louisiana Territory. They never found a water route, but they successfully documented information about the new lands.
James Madison made great contributions to the United States. During his presidency, he declared war on Great Britain. Not all of his decisions met public approval, but he was well respected throughout his lifetime and one of the most influential founding fathers.
Harriet Tubman was a slave who dreamed of freedom from a very young age. After her escape at 29, she did everything she could to help and rescue other slaves. In her later years, she built a home to take care of elderly African Americans with no place to live and encouraged women to stand together for their rights.
Sitting Bull was a powerful Hunkpapa Lakota Indian Chief whoâ€”along with the Lakota Indians and other nearby tribesâ€”was involved in brutal battles with the United States over land issues. All tribes that were fighting to avoid the reservation eventually surrendered, and the Lakota people were no exception.
Abraham Lincoln was president during one of the most unique times in history. With a country on the brink of war, his ultimate goal was to keep the Union together. When Lincoln freed the slaves, he angered many Southerners, including his assassin, John Wilkes Booth.
Robert E. Lee was considered by many to be an amazing man of character, determination, and talent. Confederate President Jefferson Davis hired him as his assistant for the war. Soon he was commanding the Army of Northern Virginia, and he commanded until his men could fight no more. In the end, he resigned with dignity and asked his men to do the same.
Ulysses S. Grant was a warrior, hero, and a compassionate soldier. Grant led the Union army to victory during the Civil War. The North thought of him as a hero for ending the Civil War and elected him president of the United States.
Martin Luther King Jr. grew up knowing that there needed to be a change in the way that African Americans were treated, and he held a dream from the time he was a young boy that he would help make that change happen. Unlike most of the activists in the Civil Rights Movement, Martin Luther King Jr. was committed to nonviolence.
When Adolf Hitler began raising his army, one of the first people who sounded the alarm was Winston Churchill. After France fell to Hitler, Churchill held strong and worked to build up his army. Time and time again, Hitler offered a peace deal to Churchill in hopes that Churchill would leave him alone and back out of the war. Each time Churchill refused, knowing that it was a danger to let Hitler take over Europe.
Eleanor Roosevelt lived during an exciting time. Women had just gained the right to vote. As a first lady, she made her own agenda and gave her husband, Franklin D. Roosevelt, plenty of advice. She stood up for the weak and advocated for equal rights regardless of gender or skin color.
Follow the life and nonviolent work of Mohandas Gandhi through his childhood in India, his education in Great Britain, and his work leading peace and equality movements in South Africa and India. This book provides significant social studies connections as well as vocabulary related to Gandhi.
Susan B. Anthony rejected the idea that women were not equal to men and fought for women's rights and women's suffrage. She was often ridiculed for her unorthodox manner and dress, but she remained steadfast in her beliefs. Readers will make both language arts and social studies connections through related vocabulary.
Featuring a biography of the civil rights activist, Martin Luther King, Jr., this book describes his segregated childhood and the influence that the Baptist church had on his life. Readers will discover the resilience of King's resolve to perpetuate the idea that â€œall men are created equalâ€ and make both language arts and social studies connections with related vocabulary.