Moctezuma was the most famous leader of the powerful Aztec empire. The Aztecs were expert warriors. Most of central Mexico was under their rule at one time. Moctezuma was elected as the ruler of the empire. He was a fair leader who believed in strictly following the laws. He ruled for 17 years until the fall of the Aztec empire.
Mansa Musa was the king of Mali. Located in western Africa, Mali became one of the largest empires during Musa's reign. He helped his empire grow in size and culture by encouraging arts, literature, and architecture. He improved trade with the Arab and opened up other trade routes. During Musa's reign, he made Mali a powerful and wealthy state.
Hammurabi was a king of Babylon, but he wanted to rule the entire area of Mesopotamia. After only five years of being king, Hammurabi reached his goal. During his reign, Hammurabi did many things to improve and influence both the culture and government of Mesopotamia.
Confucius was a philosopher who devoted his life to relieving the suffering he saw. His philosophy stressed the natural order of a moral, just, society. After his death, his followers shared his teachings, influencing future generations.
Socrates was an ancient Greek philosopher who helped shape Greek beliefs. Socrates believed his purpose in life was to gain wisdom and find the truth by asking questions. Socrates made many people over his methods of teaching. He was arrested and sentenced to death. But, many of Socrates's ideas and beliefs can still be found today.
Siddhartha Gautama was born to the king of a tribe in Northern India. An astrologer told his father that Gautama would either become a king or he would leave his riches behind to save humanity. His father sheltered him from all of the poverty in the streets. When Gautama finally left his palace he saw the suffering of people and wanted to change the world. He started the religion called Buddhism.
Abigail lived during times which were much more difficult for women than today. Despite this fact, Abigail Adams traveled, believed in women's rights, and experienced the American Revolution. A devoted wife, mother, and American patriot, Abigail influenced history by helping her husband, John, make important decisions.
Christopher Columbus set out on August 3, 1492, to find the East by sailing west. Over the course of a few years, he convinced the king and queen of Spain to pay for his trip, promising them fame and riches in return. Columbus discovered more than he bargained forâ€”he had found a new continent.
Phillis Wheatley was the first black person in America to have a book published, opening the door for other black writers and female authors. She was kidnapped and brought to the colonies as a child and served as a slave to a family in Boston. Phillis learned to read and write at a young age.
In this appealing biography, the life of Pocahontas is detailed through colorful images, interesting facts, and easy to read text. Readers will be enthralled as they learn about the Indian princess, her father, Chief Powhatan, her rescue of Captain John Smith, and her marriage to John Rolfe. A glossary and table of contents are provided to aid readers to easily map their way through the book and further understand the content.
This inviting biography explores the life of Thomas Jefferson. Readers will discover the impact he made on early America as he took roles as governor, vice president, and President of the United States. The detailed images, fascinating facts, and easy-to-read text reveal that Jefferson played a major part in many early American events such as the Second Continental Congress, the Committees of Correspondence, and the Declaration of Independence. The accessible glossary and table of contents assist in further understanding of the content and vocabulary.
Readers can learn all about the first president of the United States in this inspirational and fascinating biography. This book features many engaging images, supportive text, and appealing sidebars to detail accounts of George Washington's life, including the First and Second Continental Congress, his marriage to Martha Custis, his home at Mount Vernon, and infamous battles like the Battle of Yorktown. The glossary and table of contents allows readers to better understand the vocabulary and content as they move through from cover to cover.
John Jay served in all three branches of the government. Once the Constitution was written, he was a staunch supporter of the document, joining some other men in anonymously writing "The Federalist Papers", which explained to the public why the Constitution should be ratified. Soon after, he was made chief justice of the Supreme Court, and he was given the position of declaring laws unconstitutional for the very first time.
This adventurous biography highlights the expeditions made by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark. Readers will be able to explore the amazing accomplishments that these two men, Sacagawea, and the rest of the Corps of Discovery made. The incredible journey of these surveyors and mountaineers are explained through vivid images, easy-to-read text, fascinating facts, and a supporting glossary and table of contents. Readers will be sure to be enthralled from beginning to end!
James Madison was an important Founding Father. This appealing biography allows readers to explore the inspiring life he led as a member of the Continental Congress and as President of the United States. The detailed images, supportive text, helpful glossary, and intriguing facts work in conjunction to highlight important events that Madison took part in including the Articles of Confederation, The Federalist Papers, and how he helped America make its way into "The Era of Good Feelings".
Laura Ingalls Wilder is the author of some of the best-known books about life as a pioneer. In this enlightening biography, children will be able to read about pioneer life the way that Laura experienced it. Through striking images, fascinating facts, and easy-to-read text, readers will learn about what impact the Homestead Act and malaria had on the Ingalls family, as well as the various types of homes they and many other pioneers had to live in, like dugouts and homes made of sod. This fascinating book also includes a feature on other famous pioneer women to keep readers engaged and interested in life as a pioneer!
In this biographical book, young readers will learn about the brave life of Harriet Tubman. Readers will discover how Tubman bravely escaped from her life as a slave to cross the Mason-Dixon line into freedom and how she helped hundreds of other slaves into freedom through the Underground Railroad with the help of abolitionists. The vivid images, stunning facts, and supportive text work in conjunction with the helpful glossary, index, and timeline of Tubman's life to give readers an engaging experience as they move from cover to cover.
Sitting Bull was a powerful Hunkpapa Lakota Indian Chief who, along with the Lakota Indians and other nearby tribes, was involved in brutal battles with the United States over land issues. All tribes that were fighting to avoid the reservation eventually surrendered, and the Lakota people were no exception.
Abraham Lincoln is often considered one of the greatest American presidents. Readers will discover the incredible things Lincoln accomplished during his time as president and the impact he made on slavery, the Civil War, and the country. The easy-to-read text and enlightening facts highlight such aspects of Lincoln's presidency as the Emancipation Proclamation, the Battle of Gettysburg, and how the popular and electoral votes led to his nomination. Detailed images and illustrations show readers real examples of documents and photos of Ford's Theater, where John Wilkes Booth committed Lincoln's assassination. Readers will feel engaged from cover to cover!
Robert E. Lee is often considered one of the finest leaders of the Civil War. This engaging biography allows readers to discover the honorable life Lee led, and learn how he made a great impact as a leader of the Confederate Army. Featuring such highlights in Lee's life as the Mexican War, the succession of the South from the Union, his relationship with Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson, and the Battle of Gettysburg, this book uses detailed images and illustrations in conjunction with fascinating facts and easy-to-read text to entertain and enlighten readers as they move from cover to cover.
Ulysses S. Grant was a great war hero and served two terms as the President of the United States. Readers will learn about his life in this appealing biography that highlights his time working as secretary of war as well as leader of the Union Army--including such events as the Battle of Shiloh, Vicksburg, and what he told Confederates about terms of surrender. The vivid images and illustrations work in conjunction with intriguing facts, helpful glossary, and easy-to-read text to engage readers from cover to cover!
Alfred Wegener studied astronomy and meteorologyâ€”and was even a record-holding balloonistâ€”before he became famous for his theories on how the land and seas on Earth were formed and change. These ideas are continental drift and plate tectonics. Seeing that the continents fit together like a puzzle, Wegener proved the theory that all of Earth's continents were once connected. Although his theories weren't accepted until after his death, scientists use plate tectonics to explain volcanoes and many other changes on Earth.
Much of what we know today about Earth is from images taken by cameras on powerful telescopes. Edwin Hubble changed our view of the universe. Working in an observatory, he found that there are other galaxies besides the Milky Way. He also showed that the universe is still growing. Lyman Spitzer, Jr. proposed placing telescopes in space, and in 1990, the Hubble Space Telescope was launched. It sends us amazing images of the universe.
Rachel Carson began writing about nature when she was just 10 years old. She became a zoologist in 1932 and went to work for the United States government as a biologist and writer. She wrote about natural resources and encouraged others to care for the planet. She wrote books that helped people understand the world around them. Everyone can play a part in keeping the Earth healthy.
Planck studied physics, the science of matter and energy. He wound up making big discoveries in the area of thermodynamics, which is the study of heat and how it moves. Planck won the Nobel Prize for his work in Quantum Physics, which is the movement inside of atoms. It changed the way scientists understood the world.