The scientific contributions of the early Islamic empires to science, medicine, and mathematics is considerable. This revealing book explores: their public hospitals, libraries, and universities; their achievements in mathematics and astronomy, and the pursuit of alchemy; Arabic numbers; optics; music and musical instruments; poetry; and education.
People first domesticated wild animals and plants more than 10,000 years ago. The first peoples of North America quickly learned to farm using hand- and animal-power. As technology developed, farming machines were invented. These helped develop farming in many regions of North America previously too difficult to cultivate. From 1840 to 1880, Wisconsin USA became the breadbasket of America, and crop- and livestock-farming developed quickly. The village of Monticello is famous for its dairy farming and cheese. The community is still largely based on this. It has a population of about 1,200 people and is the focus of this book about life in a farming community.
This title looks at offshore fishing. Around the coast of much of North America, fishing stocks have greatly declined as a result of overfishing, pollution, and global warming. Nova Scotia, in the northeast of Canada, once had a huge fishing industry. In 1753, people from Germany, Switzerland, and France came from Europe to set up colony at Lunenburg on the coast. They soon set up a fishing and shipbuilding industry. The community grew until about 1980, when the fishing industry largely stopped. Since then, the community has had to reinvent itself. It is still largely based on the old industries, but tourism is as important. Lunenburg has a population of about 3500 people.
Why do people migrate to and settle in the places they do? Fascinating examples from history help explain the determining factors of migration. Readers will fascinated to read about the settling the Nile in ancient Egypt; the Industrial Revolution in Britain; the opening up of the American West; the Gold Rush; and the colonization of Australia.
This engaging and informative book explores the science of simple machines and how it relates to the exciting field of mechanical engineering. Readers will learn how mechanical engineers design and innovate machines we use every day. Readers then apply the engineering design process to tackle a design challenge of their own.
Civil engineering is one of the oldest engineering fields. Civil engineers are involved in the design and construction of various structures, including high-rise buildings, sports stadiums, canals, dams, and bridges. This book gives readers a up-close look at the technology used to build various structures around the world, including the ancient pyramids, the Eiffel Tower, the Golden Gate Bridge, and modern skyscrapers. Readers learn about the design process and tools used by civil engineers and are guided through a design challenge to create their own stable structures.
Where do you live – in an apartment block, a townhouse, a cottage in the country? Sounds nice but it’s a bit ordinary, isn’t it? What if you lived somewhere really special – like a house built high up in the trees, or in one that sailed from place to place whenever you wanted a change of scenery? Or you could travel around in a Gypsy caravan