Death Valley is one of the hottest and driest deserts of the world! Readers are taken on an adventure through Death Valley to learn about the plants and animals that survive in this dry, hot desert landscape in this engaging nonfiction title. Featuring vivid photographs, informational text, and riveting facts about desert ecology, readers will be fascinated from beginning to end!
Grab your cowboy hat and saddle up! Early elementary readers learn about all the responsibilites it takes to be a cowhand and ranchhand as they move through this captivating nonfiction title. Featuring plenty of vibrant photographs in conjunction with informational facts about cattle, cowboys, and rodeos, this book will have readers engaged and eager to learn more!
Discover captivating historical facts in this informational text that focuses on the life and times of George Washington and his partnership with his secretary and “right-hand man,” Alexander Hamilton. This nonfiction reader includes letters, photographs, newspaper articles, maps, and other primary sources that will captivate middle school students while building their critical-literacy skills. This book includes: text features such as captions, bold print, a glossary, and an index increase understanding and build academic vocabulary; a “Your Turn!” activity challenges students to connect to a primary source through a writing activity. A must-read, this engaging book is sure to deepen students' understanding social studies content and challenge them to analyze multiple perspectives through the use of primary source images, a primary source activity, and a document-based assessment.
Who were the Civil War leaders, how did they attain their positions, and why did they fight? As the details of their lives unfold, these men become more than just names from history.
Benjamin Franklin was a man of many talents. His mind was constantly working to make things better for the colonists both before and after independence. Franklin was also a great writer, and he contributed to both the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution.
The Mayas, Incas, and Aztecs were three groups of people found living in the ancient Americas. These three groups had similarities, including farming, the worshipping of gods, and skillful, imaginative art. All three civilizations ended when Spanish explorers moved into the Americas.
Moctezuma was the most famous leader of the powerful Aztec empire. The Aztecs were expert warriors. Most of central Mexico was under their rule at one time. Moctezuma was elected as the ruler of the empire. He was a fair leader who believed in strictly following the laws. He ruled for 17 years until the fall of the Aztec empire.
Mansa Musa was the king of Mali. Located in western Africa, Mali became one of the largest empires during Musa's reign. He helped his empire grow in size and culture by encouraging arts, literature, and architecture. He improved trade with the Arab and opened up other trade routes. During Musa's reign, he made Mali a powerful and wealthy state.
Mesopotamia was located in the Middle East. It was made up of empires such as the Babylonian Empire, Assyrian Empire, Persian Empire, and Phoenician Empire. The Mesopotamians made many contributions to the world, including creating the wheel and glass, using irrigation to farm, creating an alphabet, and developing a calendar system. Each empire made contributions and influenced the world as it exists today.
Hammurabi was a king of Babylon, but he wanted to rule the entire area of Mesopotamia. After only five years of being king, Hammurabi reached his goal. During his reign, Hammurabi did many things to improve and influence both the culture and government of Mesopotamia.
China is the third largest country in the world. China is known for its silk, the Great Wall, and its rich history of dynasties and kings. The Chinese culture has changed greatly over the years, but the Chinese people still celebrate the great changes in their culture and nation.
Confucius was a philosopher who devoted his life to relieving the suffering he saw. His philosophy stressed the natural order of a moral, just, society. After his death, his followers shared his teachings, influencing future generations.
Africa, the second largest continent on Earth, is home to the largest desert and the longest river in the world. Savannas, which are large areas of grass and trees, cover much of Africa. Trade routes gave rise to ancient kingdoms such as the Kush and Aksum. With these and other great kingdoms in Africa, the continent has a rich history in culture, trade, and tradition.
The Greek culture is rich in arts, philosophy, and government. Various civilizations contributed to the Greek culture. The Greeks saw the rise of city-states, as well as the first democratic form of government. Greek gods and Greek wars also influenced the culture. Through these influences, a great nation and culture was developed.
Socrates was an ancient Greek philosopher who helped shape Greek beliefs. Socrates believed his purpose in life was to gain wisdom and find the truth by asking questions. Socrates made many people over his methods of teaching. He was arrested and sentenced to death. But, many of Socrates's ideas and beliefs can still be found today.
India's history is closely tied to its location. Because it is between the East and the West, it has been invaded and overtaken multiple times. Each culture that came made a lasting contribution in some way. India has made many transformations of its history, twice splitting into many separate kingdoms. By the early 1800's Great Britain moved into India. Schools and hospitals were built and roads were paved. However, the Indians did not like living under British rule and they fought and gained their independence in 1947.
Siddhartha Gautama was born to the king of a tribe in Northern India. An astrologer told his father that Gautama would either become a king or he would leave his riches behind to save humanity. His father sheltered him from all of the poverty in the streets. When Gautama finally left his palace he saw the suffering of people and wanted to change the world. He started the religion called Buddhism.
Hatshepsut was a young woman who became the first female pharaoh of Egypt. When her father, Thutmose I, died, Hatshepsut was the only heir. Since she was female, leaders were afraid to make her Pharaoh. She declared herself Pharaoh in 1501 B.C. and ruled Egypt for about 20 years.
Ancient Egyptian civilizations first began along the Nile River when nomads grew tired of the dangers of traveling and settled into villages for safety. With a gift for building, they began to create their own bricks and later discovered a way to build from stone; this lead to the construction of the great pyramids. Pharaohs ruled the society and were highly respected. Because of its location Pharaohs had a difficult time protecting the land from intruders and Egypt was eventually conquered by the Roman Empire.
From the Vikings to Henry Hudson, the great explorers sailed across uncharted waters during the Age of Discovery in search of many things, including adventure and wealth. Their exploration not only changed maps of the world but also paved the way for the settlement of the New World.
Christopher Columbus set out on August 3, 1492, to find the East by sailing west. Over the course of a few years, he convinced the king and queen of Spain to pay for his trip, promising them fame and riches in return. Columbus discovered more than he bargained forâ€”he had found a new continent.
The colonies were the birthplace of the United States and they were made up of people that came from various backgrounds seeking religious freedom, wealth, and success. Daily life for the colonists was different depending on the region in which they lived, yet they established a united nation built on freedom and the pursuit of happiness.
Phillis Wheatley was the first black person in America to have a book published, opening the door for other black writers and female authors. She was kidnapped and brought to the colonies as a child and served as a slave to a family in Boston. Phillis learned to read and write at a young age.
The American Indian culture consisted of specific customs and traditions that regulated everything from who would lead the tribes to who would marry within the tribes. They kept precise, detailed accounts of their tribal histories because they foresaw the importance of passing down their histories.
Pocahontas was the daughter of the great Chief Powhatan. Pocahontas was instrumental in helping Jamestown settlers survive a difficult winter and literally keeping peace between two diverse cultures.