People first domesticated wild animals and plants more than 10,000 years ago. The first peoples of North America quickly learned to farm using hand- and animal-power. As technology developed, farming machines were invented. These helped develop farming in many regions of North America previously too difficult to cultivate. From 1840 to 1880, Wisconsin USA became the breadbasket of America, and crop- and livestock-farming developed quickly. The village of Monticello is famous for its dairy farming and cheese. The community is still largely based on this. It has a population of about 1,200 people and is the focus of this book about life in a farming community.
Why do people migrate to and settle in the places they do? Fascinating examples from history help explain the determining factors of migration. Readers will fascinated to read about the settling the Nile in ancient Egypt; the Industrial Revolution in Britain; the opening up of the American West; the Gold Rush; and the colonization of Australia.
This engaging and informative book explores the science of simple machines and how it relates to the exciting field of mechanical engineering. Readers will learn how mechanical engineers design and innovate machines we use every day. Readers then apply the engineering design process to tackle a design challenge of their own.
Civil engineering is one of the oldest engineering fields. Civil engineers are involved in the design and construction of various structures, including high-rise buildings, sports stadiums, canals, dams, and bridges. This book gives readers a up-close look at the technology used to build various structures around the world, including the ancient pyramids, the Eiffel Tower, the Golden Gate Bridge, and modern skyscrapers. Readers learn about the design process and tools used by civil engineers and are guided through a design challenge to create their own stable structures.