Over the past 50 years, scientists have made incredible progress in the application of genetic research to human health care and disease treatment. Innovative tools and techniques, including gene therapy and CRISPR-Cas9 editing, can treat inherited disorders that were previously untreatable, or prevent them from happening in the first place. You can take a DNA test to learn where your ancestors are from. Police officers can use genetic evidence to identify criminals—or innocents. And some doctors are using new medical techniques for unprecedented procedures. Genomics: A Revolution in Health and Disease Discovery delves into the history, science, and ethics behind recent breakthroughs in genetic research. Authors Whitney Stewart and Hans Andersson, MD, present fascinating case studies that show how real people have benefitted from genetic research. Though the genome remains full of mysteries, researchers and doctors are working hard to uncover its secrets and find the best ways to treat patients and cure diseases. The discoveries to come will inform how we target disease treatment, how we understand our health, and how we define our very identities.
The World Health Organization defines Universal Health Care (UHC) as all individuals and communities receiving the health services needed without suffering financial hardship. Of the 33 developed countries in the world, 32 have some form of Universal Health Care. Over 800 million people around the world spent 10 percent or more of their household budgets on health care and a further 100 million were pushed into extreme poverty in order to pay for health care. This timely title examines what UHC is—and is not—and how it impacts the health and well-being of human communities throughout the world.
A hundred years ago, marijuana was considered a threat to civil order and mental health. Today, recreational marijuana is legal in two countries: Canada and Uruguay. More countries are expected to follow—some in an attempt to reduce underage use of the drug. In the United States, marijuana is legal for recreational use in 11 states and in 33 for medical use. Legalizing Marijuana analyzes the issues related to legalization, use, misuse, and if legalized, how to address the futures of people currently convicted or serving time for marijuana-related crimes.
Survival in extreme conditions is difficult. Still, there are many heroic tales of people who survive against all odds. These stories of extreme survival are gripping and inspiring. From professional outdoorsmen to young people in challenging situations, the will to live is strong inside us all. How would you survive an extreme event?
Content Includes: Prevention: The Best Cure, Getting Medical Attention, Handling Health Problems, Avoiding Health Hazards. 32 Compact two-page lessons are each tightly focused on a particular subtopic to guarantee comprehension and build a foundation for further practice and skill development. Back-of-the-book list of key words in each. Preview & Review exercises introduce & wrap up each unit. Includes "Everyday Math" application in every lesson.
Cultural beliefs surrounding illness and societal beliefs about how we should offer health care are discussed in this fascinating addition to the Our Values series. Discussions about the treatment of common diseases, as well as topics of interest, such as how a cast is made, are compared and contrasted with the way health care is provided throughout the world.
Crystal meth is more addictive than heroin or cocaine and is widely available on the streets of North America. This helpful book looks at the use and abuse of meth, an inexpensive and accessible drug that takes an unbelievable toll on the bodies and brains of users. Special chapters on seeking help, and treatment and recovery provide accurate and useful information on meth addiction and treatment.
Did you know about one third of high school students take steroids to improve their looks, not just their athletic skills? Steroid use is becoming a major issue among 12- to 18-year-olds today. This helpful and informative book looks at the pressures young people are under to look cut and perform well in sports. Special chapters examine the effects of anabolic steroids on the developing bodies and minds of young people and how difficult it can be to quit when you've got the edge.
Some commodities command massive economic, social, and political influence. This title examines the business around tobacco, a popular but much-debated luxury item. It explores the history of tobacco use, how tobacco’s impact on human health came to be understood, and future trends for the industry. Features include essential facts, a glossary, selected bibliography, websites, source notes, and an index. Aligned to Common Core Standards and correlated to state standards.
Some commodities command massive economic, social, and political influence. This title examines the business around sugar, a product with massive influence in the energy and food industries. It explores sugar’s historical influence, its use in biofuels, and its place in the modern diet. Features include essential facts, a glossary, selected bibliography, websites, source notes, and an index. Aligned to Common Core Standards and correlated to state standards.
This title highlights all the gross stuff your body produces everyday.
This title highlights all the gross smells our noses sense every day.
Magic Johnson's fearlessness, courage, and determination were evident whenever he stepped on the basketball court. Those same characteristics have also served him well in his off-the-court battle with HIV. Readers will learn about how Magic Johnson has used his courage, knowledge, and wisdom to promote awareness and to help better urban communities everywhere.
In this fascinating title, readers find out about the food supply chain, fair trade, and how our eating habits affect our health. With debate boxes and contemporary case studies, readers also discover the environmental impacts their food purchases have on the planet.
This gripping title traces the causes, symptoms, and treatment of plague through the height of the Black Death in Europe and into the modern day.
A recent survey on drug use recorded 729,000 youths 12 years of age or older who had used inhalants and solvents for the first time within the past year. These substances, along with prescription and over-the-counter medications, can be found in almost every home and have become an easy-access entry point to drug use for young people. This important book carefully examines the facts and fiction about "huffing," and provides information on addiction and treatment, as well as useful alternatives to drug use.
There's no denying that marijuana use is prevalent among today's youth and that it has grown increasingly acceptable in popular culture. This informative and useful book for kids examines drug use and abuse. Topics of interest include the history of marijuana use and laws, and myths and facts about marijuana misuse and abuse. A resource section provides websites and contact information of organizations for those dependent on drugs as well as for their friends and families.
Party drugs are a group of drugs used by young people at parties, clubs, concerts, and events. From ecstasy to GHB and ketamine, party drugs have a popular reputation for not being as harmful as other hard street drugs, but they are just as dangerous and addictive. This informative book details the history of these drugs and how they became so popular. A special section provides readers with useful resources for fighting addiction and remaining drug free.
Prescription and over-the-counter medications are the most commonly abused drugs by high school students after marijuana. One in five young people abuses prescription meds - cotton, rits, beans, tuss, and bricks - street names for these non-street drugs. Street Pharma looks at this growing problem and gives young readers the information they need to say no before they start using or find help to quit when they've become addicted.
Medicine developed into a science in the 1800s, but it was a long evolution from folk remedies and superstition to a modern understanding of how the human body works and how disease is spread. Throughout much of the century, the life expectancy of the average American was decades shorter than it is now. A lack of understanding of simple hygiene contributed to the early death of many women after childbirth, and children routinely died of common childhood diseases like measles. An incorrectly treated broken arm could kill a healthy young man, and pain, disfigurement, and epidemic disease was the fate of many Americans. Traditional herbal remedies were sometimes the best treatments available, while patent medicines often contained toxic substances, and medical procedures were often painful, disgusting, and ultimately useless. The dedicated scientists and medical researchers of the 1800s made a tremendous contribution to the health and happiness of Americans.
Women have made major contributions to science throughout history, including in the field of medicine. Learn about the lives of some of the most amazing women in medicine, from Rita Levi-Montalcini to Margaret Chan, as well as their exciting and important work. Discover what it takes to be a doctor. Find out about the opportunities for women in medicine. Read Women in Medicine to see if following in the footsteps of the many brilliant women who have made their mark in medicine is something you want to do.
The Mexican cuisine of today originated thousands of years ago. The ancient Olmec and Mayan civilizations domesticated maize, beans, and chili peppers and developed the flatbread cakes known as tortillas. The Aztecs expanded the Mexican diet with other meats, fruits, and vegetables. As Spanish explorers conquered and colonized Mexico, European cooks introduced new ingredients, such as rice, wheat flour, and the meat of domestic animals like pigs, chickens, and cows. They also brought previously unknown methods of preparing food, such as frying. Today, Mexican cuisine is extremely popular far beyond the borders of the nation, and in 2010, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) declared Mexican cuisine to be an Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.
This title examines an important historic event - the bubonic plague. Easy-to-read, compelling text explores the history of the disease, how it spread, key players and happenings during the black death, and the event's effects on society up through modern times. Features include a table of contents, a timeline, facts, additional resources, Web sites, a glossary, a bibliography, and an index.