This nonfiction reader gives children an in-depth look at what a career as a police officer is like. Readers will learn about various aspects of life as a police officer--from being accepted into the academy to keeping streets safe. Readers will learn what a typical day in the police academy is like as well as a day in the field as an officer. Through helpful charts and diagrams and colorful images in conjunction with informational text and stunning facts, readers discover important aspects of keeping communities safe, including what's inside the patrol car, K-9 units, reading Miranda rights to suspects, writing incident reports, penal codes, and interrogations.
Discover captivating historical facts in this informational text that focuses on the life and times of George Washington and his partnership with his secretary and “right-hand man,” Alexander Hamilton. This nonfiction reader includes letters, photographs, newspaper articles, maps, and other primary sources that will captivate middle school students while building their critical-literacy skills. This book includes: text features such as captions, bold print, a glossary, and an index increase understanding and build academic vocabulary; a “Your Turn!” activity challenges students to connect to a primary source through a writing activity. A must-read, this engaging book is sure to deepen students' understanding social studies content and challenge them to analyze multiple perspectives through the use of primary source images, a primary source activity, and a document-based assessment.
Benjamin Franklin was a man of many talents. His mind was constantly working to make things better for the colonists both before and after independence. Franklin was also a great writer, and he contributed to both the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution.
Government leaders help to govern our country, our states, and our cities. They make important decisions, solve problems, and see that laws are enforced. The people they serve elect most government officials. Long ago, there were not as many government officials as there are today because the United States had a smaller population.
George Washington helped form the United States into what it is today by making wise decisions. After becoming a war hero in the French and Indian War, he went on to lead a fight against the British in the American Revolution. He continued his legacy by becoming the first president of the United States.
John Jay served in all three branches of the government. Once the Constitution was written, he was a staunch supporter of the document, joining some other men in anonymously writing â€œThe Federalist Papers,â€ which explained to the public why the Constitution should be ratified. Soon after, he was made chief justice of the Supreme Court, and he was given the position of declaring laws unconstitutional for the very first time.
Abraham Lincoln was president during one of the most unique times in history. With a country on the brink of war, his ultimate goal was to keep the Union together. When Lincoln freed the slaves, he angered many Southerners, including his assassin, John Wilkes Booth.
Ulysses S. Grant was a warrior, hero, and a compassionate soldier. Grant led the Union army to victory during the Civil War. The North thought of him as a hero for ending the Civil War and elected him president of the United States.
Rachel Carson began writing about nature when she was just 10 years old. She became a zoologist in 1932 and went to work for the United States government as a biologist and writer. She wrote about natural resources and encouraged others to care for the planet. She wrote books that helped people understand the world around them. Everyone can play a part in keeping the Earth healthy.
Ecologists study the connections living things have with one another and their surroundings. John Woodward did some of the first ecology experiments in 1699 and figured out algae bloom. Aldo Leopold's work led to the Endangered Species Act to protect plants and animals from becoming extinct, and he led the U.S. government to begin considering the environmental impact of land use. Eugene Odum was the first to see Earth as a set of interlocking ecosystems. His work led to laws to protect wetlands.
The Middle East is comprised of many small countries, each with its own government. Volatile issues of religious extremism, the supply and demand of oil, and the establishment of the nation of Israel in 1948 have caused constant conflict. Several prominent leaders have arisen in the Middle East and have worked toward peace in this region, while others have been instigators of violence throughout the world.