Have you ever played cards on a rainy afternoon? Do you and your friends play jump rope, play hide-and-go-seek, or play Red Rover? If you did, then you were enjoying a folk game. Learn more about these games, including the long history behind: face cards tag hide-and-go-seek some board games baseball. Games help us deal with life. They give us physical exercise. They challenge our minds . . . and most of all they fill our lives with fun.
For most of the 1800s, children were considered small, unruly adults who needed to be strictly disciplined and put to useful work as soon as they were able. The very concept of childhood itself, as a carefree, innocent time, is a result of increasing economic stability and changing family roles in the 1800s. Before child welfare laws were enacted and compulsory education enforced, children made up an important part of the industrial and agricultural workforce in 1800s America. Toys and time for games and fun may have been a luxury, but kids will be kids, and the adults that loved them made sure their lives werent all work and no play. The establishment of public schools, more humane working conditions, and expanding economic opportunities helped improve the life of Americas children in the 1800s, but they worked hard and their pleasures were simple ones.
With a sixday workweek, long hours on the job, and the hard labor required to keep house, leisure time was precious in the 1800s. Without recorded music, radio, movies, TV, video games, or the Internet, Americans had to make their own fun, and most of it was simple and very low techsinging around the family piano, visiting with neighbors, or picnicking in the woods. In the bigger towns and cities, theaters offered live, professional entertainment ranging from classic plays to raucous minstrel shows. In the smaller towns and rural areas, people waited anxiously for those few times a year when a traveling show or circus might come through the area. As the 1800s progressed, leisure time and economic resources increased for many Americans and a more sophisticated public demanded new and more exciting amusements. Read all about America at play in the 1800s!
The Earth system comprises diverse components that interact in complex ways. Earth science includes the study of the atmosphere, hydrosphere, oceans, and biosphere, as well as the solid earth. The reproducible activity pages supplement earth science textbooks with stand-alone or coordinate one-page lessons. Sample activities include: Cenozoic Era, Comparing Types of Rocks, Eclipses, Formation of Coal, Glacial Landforms, Global Heat Budget, How Minerals Form, Igneous Rocks, Waves, and More!
The field of life science involves the study of living organisms, their organization, life processes, and the characteristics of all living things, such as plants, animals, and human beings. The reproducible activity pages supplement life science textbooks with stand-alone or coordinate one-page lessons. Sample activities include: Angiosperms and Gymnosperms, Animal Cell, Bacteria, Cell Functions, Comparing Fish/Amphibians/ Reptiles, Comparing Vertebrate Hearts, Ferns, and More!
This two-part book program offers activities to supplement standard U.S. history classroom textbooks. Lessons can stand-alone or coordinate with any text. Activity pages include basic concepts, graphs, maps, vocabulary comprehension, and nonfiction informational excerpts that help make meaningful connections with historical concepts, facts, and ideas. Reproducible Books include table of contents and answer keys.
The reproducible lessons in this series were designed for students who still have trouble understanding what they read. All lessons (16 in each reproducible) feature a two-page reading selection followed by four pages of correlated exercises. The emphasis is on variety for maximum interest and involvement--covers traditional reading comprehension skills, language arts skills (e.g. vocabulary, syllabication, variant word forms, etc.) and critical thinking skills.