Before and after the Civil War, the African American community held the same passion for baseball as the rest of the nation. But black players faced prejudice. They were banned from the major leagues. From this group emerged Andrew "Rube" Foster, one of the greatest pitchers and managers of the early twentieth century. The founder of the Negro National League, Foster was called the Father of Black Baseball. Thanks to his vision and efforts, black players were finally respected. The doors to Major League Baseball were opened to black players, and the world could enjoy such superstars as Jackie Robinson, Willie Mays, and Hank Aaron.
This biography examines the life of Donald Trump using easy-to-read, compelling text. Through striking black-and-white images and rich color photographs and informative sidebars, readers will learn about Trump’s family background, childhood, education, his rise to fame in business, television, and politics, and his historic presidential campaign. Informative sidebars enhance and support the text. Features include a table of contents, timeline, facts page, glossary, bibliography, and an index. Aligned to Common Core Standards and correlated to state standards. Essential Library is an imprint of Abdo Publishing, a division of ABDO.
José Reyes has become one of baseball's biggest stars. He has led the National League in stolen bases and batting average. He has played in the All-Star Game, won awards, and made millions of dollars. His time in the Major Leagues has been a dream-come-true for the Dominican player. Learn about the life of one of baseball's newest stars. Read how he worked his way through the minor leagues to play for the New York Mets. Discover the story of one of baseball's superstars!
Not many baseball players are as legendary as Roberto Clemente. He broke color barriers. He gave back to his community. And through it all, he played great baseball. During his career with the Pittsburgh Pirates, he did some amazing things. Sadly, Clemente's life was cut short by a plane crash. Today, however, his memory lives on. Fans everywhere still think of the player from Puerto Rico as an inspiration to us all.
Muhammad Ali was born as Cassius Clay in Louisville, Kentucky. Early in his life, his skills developed from those he needed to stand up to a playground bully into the championship form that earned him a gold medal in the 1960 Olympics. As a professional fighter, Ali became known not just for the speed and agility with which he won three world heavyweight championships, but also for his charm, wit, and showmanship. Outside the ring, the courage of his stand against the military draft made him both a revered cultural hero and a lightning rod for the issues that divided Americans during the Vietnam War. In the decades following his boxing career, Ali has become regarded as one of the most recognized people on the planet. He has lent his name, influence, and generosity to a host of humanitarian causes. Today, having earned the affection of billions of people worldwide, the peoples champ is, as ever, The Greatest.
Imprisoned for 27 years, Nelson Mandela became a symbol in the fight against the oppression of the black majority by South Africa's apartheid government. The first in his family to attend school, Mandela was given the English name Nelson by his teacher on his first day. As Mandela moved up the educational ladder, he became more and more involved in social justice. When he became a lawyer, he joined the African National Congress (ANC), an organization whose purpose was to increase the rights of black South Africans. In 1961, Mandela helped found a military branch of the ANC that used guerrilla attacks against the government. His imprisonment became a rallying point for black South Africansand eventually the world. International pressure against the government helped bring about the end of apartheid and Mandela's release in 1990. Mandela was elected president, serving from 1994 to 1999, and remains a figure revered and loved by his grateful nation.
By the time Roberta Bondar became Canada's first woman in space in 1992, she already had careers as a doctor, a scientist, and a professional photographer. Born in 1945 in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, a town on the border between Canada and the United States, Roberta has had an active career in both countries. Today she is well known for her continuing work on behalf of the planet, writing and appearing on TV and in documentaries, covering Space Shuttle launches at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida, and shedding new light on the needs of the natural world.
Before they spearheaded the musical phenomenon called the British Invasion, John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, and Ringo Starr were just four kids from Liverpool. Throughout the 1960s, however, they embodied, as the Beatles, the musical, artistic, social, and spiritual promise of an entire generation. After their stormy breakup in 1970, the Fab Four became four solo artists, at times even appearing on each others recordings. In addition to the millions of records each band member has sold on his own since their breakup, more than 40 Beatles compilation albums have been released and continue to sell millions of copies. To this day, more than one billion Beatles recordings have sold, and thousands of books, academic papers, blogs, and websites are dedicated to the group. Despite being the Beatles for only a decade, John, Paul, George, and Ringo together formed the most successfuland arguably the most influentialmusical group in history.
Albert Einstein was a theoretical physicist and an intellectual giant of the twentieth century. This fascinating biography reveals Einsteins life story, and how his theories changed the way we looked at the universe. Born in Germany in 1879, Einstein focused his studies on science and mathematics. He won a Nobel Prize in Physics and was instrumental in persuading U.S. President Roosevelt to pursue the development of the atomic bomb in World War II. Einstein published hundreds of research papers, articles, and books and lectured at universities in Europe and the United States until his death in 1955. Einsteins name is synonymous with genius, and, not surprisingly, his brain has been preserved for study.
Steve Jobs was a pioneer of the personal computer age. This compelling biography describes his life and career as a visionary entrepreneur who helped usher the world into the digital agein style and comfort. Born in 1955, Jobs grew up tinkering with electronics in the garage with his father. Although he dropped out of college, he would follow his passion for electronics and become well known for founding the computer company Apple. Equally well known for his uncompromising product philosophy, he continued to innovate in the fields of animation, personal electronics, and marketing. Both Jobs and Apple had their share of ups and downs. After an amazing comeback in the 2000s, Jobs was diagnosed with cancer and passed away at the early age of 56 in 2011.
Politician Al Gore has lent both his voice and his political influence in the fight against global warming. His work and creative energy have earned him numerous forms of public recognition, most notably the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize.
David Suzuki is a prominent environmental activist. Throughout his adult life, he has been the creative force behind numerous television shows on science and the environment. He has used his voice to advocate for the environment and to take to task political leaders whose action and inaction have been part of the problem behind the global warming crisis.
Ed Begley, Jr. is a Hollywood actor, who inspires, entertains, and motivates a new generation of environmental activists, fans, and consumers with his all-encompassing green lifestyle. Whether he is promoting his own line of green products, lending his voice to further environmental awareness and action, or walking the walk of the life he touts in his own solar-powered home the star of Living with Ed is constantly on the lookout for ways to live more green - and get others onboard in the process.
Rachel Carson was a marine writer, biologist, and ecologist whose work inspired millions to take seriously the danger that human activity poses to the environment. She both revealed the wonders of the natural world and exposed the sinister threat to that world posed by DDT and other pesticides.
At a time when much of the United States was still racially segregated, Jackie Robinson smashed the color barrier to become the first African-American player in Major League Baseball. Born in 1919 to a family of sharecroppers, Robinson excelled in sports throughout his school years. After serving briefly in the army during WWII, he briefly played ball in the Negro Leagues. At about the same time, a handful of all-white Major League teams paid lip service to trying out black players. But it was when Robinson played his first game for the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1947 that he became a part of what would be called "The Noble Experiment." Outspoken in the past when it came to racial injustice, Robinson endured racist jeers from fans and players, and even death threats, with dignity and composure. His historic feat of crossing baseball's "color line" became a symbol in the American civil rights movement in the decades that followed.
Muhammad Ali is one of America's most well-known athletes. From the time he was a young boy, Ali has been devoted to fighting racism in and out of the boxing ring. Later in his life, Ali was diagnosed with Parkinson's disease, but despite his illness he has not ceased to stand up for what he believes.
From the moment Simon Whitfield burst onto the world stage at the 2000 Sydney Summer Games as triathlon's first Olympic champion, his winning personality and stellar athletic abilities have inspired young people around the globe. In Simon Says Gold, Simon describes his personal journey to Olympic glory as he recounts not only that glorious day in Sydney, but also the anguish of failing to repeat as Olympic champion in Athens in 2004, and his dramatic comeback at the 2008 Beijing Games, when his exhilarating race to a silver medal enthralled millions of fans around the world. Simon's stories of the highs and lows of his running career will captivate readers young and old, but his real messagethat the simple pursuit of excellence is its own rewardwill also inspire and motivate. Not everyone can be an Olympian. Simon Whitfield believes that true greatness is in performing to the best of one's ability. The reward is in the effort, not the outcome.
Miguel Batista es un lanzador que puede entrar en el juego tan pronto como se necesita, puesto que ha estado mucho tiempo en el campo. Conoce el béisbol por dentro y por fuera. Aparte de gran jugador, es una persona muy interesante. Invierte mucho de su tiempo leyendo y publicando poemas y novelas. Sigue su carrera y el camino que tomó para llegar donde está actualmente. ¡Este deportista ha tenido una larga jornada--y aún no termina!
Francisco Cordero--o Coco, como es conocido por sus fanáticos y compañeros de juego--es un lanzador de nivel superior. Poncha a los bateadores con sus bolas rápidas y curvas. Ha conseguido muchas salvadas a través de los años como lanzador de cierre para Los Rangers, Los Cerveceros, y Los Rojos. Aunque empezó luchando contra la pobreza, Cordero hizo su parte y ahora ayuda a otros que están en ese proceso que el vivió. Es un jugador de las Grandes Ligas con la capacidad para llegar tan lejos como se proponga.
Nelson Cruz ha tenido una carrera sorprendente en el béisbol. Ha jugado en una Serie Mundial, ha participado en el Juego de las Estrellas, ha roto records, y ha ganado millones de dólares. ¡También es el único jugador en la historia del béisbol que ha bateado un cuadrangular con bases llenas en el juego de la post temporada! Conozca el largo camino que Cruz recorrió para alcanzar su sueño de jugar béisbol profesional. ¡Entérese como pasó de jugar en la Liga de Verano Dominicana a batear jonrones en la Serie Mundial!
Francisco Liriano es un poderoso lanzador dominicano a quien los fanáticos han visto soportar muchas lesiones para llegar de nuevo a la cima. Sus sorprendentes estadísticas y su excelente brazo lanzador lo han llevado a ganar premios y millones de dólares. Desde sus sueños de joven beisbolista en la República Dominicana hasta su carrera en las Grandes Ligas, Liriano ha sido imparable en su carrera. Conozca más sobre el camino de éste beisbolista hacia las Mayores . . . y descubra qué se necesita para ser un gran beisbolista.
Johan Santana es una estrella beisbolera originario de un país más bien conocido por producir futbolistas; sin embargo resplancede como uno de los mejores lanzadores de pelota caliente. Su pelota rápida y lenta mantienen al público y a los bateadores en la intriga. Su talento lo ha hecho el favorito de los amantes del béisbol. Conozca más de como Santana luchó por llegar a la cima, desde su niñez jugando pelota en el barrio hasta llegar a las Grandes Ligas. Su travesía al éxito no ha sido siempre la más suave, pero Johan Santana ha luchado con ahínco para anar su lugar en ésta disciplina.
Carlos González es una estrella beisbolera que cruza fronteras. Ha jugado en Venezuela y los Estados Unidos, ganando el afecto de seguidores por donde quiera que va. "Cargo," como le llaman su fans, ha causado una importante impresión en el mundo del béisbol. Sus sencillos, dobles, y carreras han mantenido al otro equipo sobre sus talones. Apenas es el principio de su carrea, así que no hay forma de saber lo que le depara el futuro. Sus premios se van apilando y con seguridad seguirá logrando reconocimientos y honores en el futuro.
No muchos beisbolistas son tan legendarios como Roberto Clemente. Rompió la barrera del color, ayudó a su comunidad, y en medio de todo, hizo un gran juego. Durante su carrera con Los Piratas de Pittsburg, hizo algunas cosas sorprendentes. Tristemente, la vida de Clemente fue truncada por un accidente de avión. ¡Pero hoy su memoria sigue viva! Los fanáticos de todo el mundo todavía recuerdan al jugador de Carolina como una inspiración.
Yadier Molina es uno de tres hermanos que se tomaron el mundo del béisbol. Yadier, el más joven, puede que incluso sea el mejor jugador. Es uno de los mejores cátchers del deporte hoy por hoy. Durante sus diez años con Los Cardinales de San Luis, Molina ha tenido una carrera impresionante. Los roba bases difícilmente--tiene oportunidad alguna cuando Molina está detrás del plato--y puede agarrar toda pelota que le lancen. Ha ayudado a Los Cardinales a ganar juego tras juego. ¡Descubra como Yadier Molina se hizo tan buen jugador!