Women have made major contributions to science throughout history, including in the field of medicine. Learn about the lives of some of the most amazing women in medicine, from Rita LeviMontalcini to Margaret Chan, as well as their exciting and important work. Discover what it takes to be a doctor. Find out about the opportunities for women in medicine. Read Women in Medicine to see if following in the footsteps of the many brilliant women who have made their mark in medicine is something you want to do.
French scientist Louis Pasteur has been called the founder of modern medicine. He proved that germs spread disease, and his work has saved millions of lives. A university chemistry professor, Pasteur is best known for discovering pasteurization, a process by which bacteria and molds are killed when liquids are heated. The process was named for him and is used today.
Gregor Johann Mendel is known as the father of modern genetics. He used cross-breeding to develop different kinds of peas. This allowed him to make predictions about the outcomes. These are now called Mendel's Laws of Heredity. They explain how traits are passed from generation to generation. Mendel also discovered dominant and recessive genes.
British scientist Robert Hooke built an early microscope and was the first scientist to observe cells and give them their name. Anton van Leeuwenhoek created the best microscopes of his time and used them to study living organisms. Matthias Schleiden, Theodor Schwann, and Rudolf Virchow created Cell Theory, which says that all living things are made of cells; cells are the smallest part of a living thing; and all cells come from other cells.
The books in the Community Connections Library help kids understand the world around them. What Do They Do? Nurses, gives young readers an idea of the role that Nurses play in keeping the members of the community healthy.
On a basketball. On a door handle. Even in the air you breathe! Germs are everywhere. What can you do about it? Learn ways to avoid germs, to guard against getting sick, and to keep from passing germs along to others.
There are many ways to be active. Some ways are good for you and keep you healthy. Learn why it is important to be active and discover the fun in sweating for a healthy body.