Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species changed the way we understand the beginnings of life on earth. Darwin's ideas challenged people to think differently, to question long-held beliefs, and to explore a new field of scientific discovery. As a young man, Darwin worked to join the priesthood, but his life took a turn toward science after he joined a government mission to South America and the Pacific. Darwin's work on the trip pushed him to come up with new ideas about life and nature, including his famous theory of evolution. Learn the story of one of the most important scientific thinkers of all time in Charles Darwin: British Naturalist.
As a child, Albert Einstein was quiet and awkward. He had trouble making friends and problems with learning in the classroom. As Albert grew up, he began to use his mind in ways he didn't learn in school, leading him to become an expert in math and science. Einsteins ideas helped change the way scientists thought of the world around us and change the course of history in the atomic age. Today, Einstein is one of history's most famous scientists, and his theories have shaped science for decades. Learn about one of the most important scientists of all time in Albert Einstein: Great Scientist.
Isaac Newton's exploration of the world around him has shaped the direction of science for the last few hundred years. Newtons ideas about gravity, light, color, and the way things move have all shaped the way we think about the way the world works. Few people have been as important to science as Sir Isaac Newton. Learn about the story of one of the world's most influential scientific thinkers in Sir Isaac Newton: Famous English Scientist.
Captain James Cook is one of the most famous explorers of all time. His discoveries include parts of Australia, islands in the Pacific, and parts of the Hawaiian Islands. Cook sailed to distant places from Antarctica to New Zealand, making maps and collecting information as he traveled. Today, we remember Captain Cook for his major discoveries and his leadership of his crew. Learn the story of one of the most important explorers in history in Captain James Cook: British Explorer.
Ancient Greek philosopher Socrates' ideas on how people should discuss, think about, and solve complicated problems have influenced centuries of thinkers in politics, law, and philosophy. The modern world would be very different without Socrates' method of asking questions about a problem to find the solution. Socrates' thinking has shaped modern science, government, and education, as well as many other parts of everyday life. Learn the story of one of the most important philosophical thinkers of all time in Socrates: Greek Philosopher.
At the age of 29, a man named Siddhartha left his home near the Himalayan Mountains. Born to a noble family, Siddhartha wanted to leave his luxurious life to better understand suffering and pain. After six years of prayer and fasting, Siddhartha found enlightenment by letting go of the desires that cause pain. Siddhartha became Buddha, and began teaching his ideas to any who would listen. Today, Buddhism is one of the worlds largest religions, with followers around the globe. Learn the story of one of the most influential spiritual leaders of all time in Buddha: Father of Buddhism.
Confucius was a teacher and philosopher living in fifth-century China. His ideas about the ways people should behave and treat each other are still part of Chinese culture and education, with Chinese students studying his ideas almost 2,500 years after his death. In the modern world, few philosophers are as well known or as often quoted as Confucius. Learn the story of one of the most important philosophers of all time in Confucius: Great Chinese Philosopher.