Ancient astronomers looked at movements in the sun, moon, and stars to guide travelers and keep track of the seasons. Nicholas Copernicus was the first to challenge people's beliefs that Earth was the center of the solar system and is known as the founder of astronomy. Galileo Galilei built a telescope and spotted craters on the moon and sunspots on the sun. Isaac Newton invented the reflecting telescope and discovered the law of gravity. Astronomers continue to work every day to uncover the mysteries of the universe.
Much of what we know today about Earth is from images taken by cameras on powerful telescopes. Edwin Hubble changed our view of the universe. Working in an observatory, he found that there are other galaxies besides the Milky Way. He also showed that the universe is still growing. Lyman Spitzer, Jr. proposed placing telescopes in space, and in 1990, the Hubble Space Telescope was launched. It sends us amazing images of the universe.
The moon is the largest object in the night sky. Young readers will learn about the moon's phases, surface, and how humans have explored our closest space neighbor. Blastoff! Series
People once believed that Earth was the center of the solar system. Scientists finally learned that Earth is one of at least eight planets in our solar system and that they all travel around the sun. Astronomers now know that our solar system is almost 5 billion years old and is part of at least 100 billion galaxies in the universe. Earth is the only planet known to have life and water. Scientists continue to discover new planet-like objects, called dwarf planets, all the time!
Long ago, astronomers believed that the Earth was the center of the universe. But now we know that it is only a tiny part of the universe and that our solar system is just a tiny part of our galaxy. In 1957, space travel began. Work done in space has helped us in the areas of medicine, computer science, and the environment. The International Space Station, a lab floating in space, is where astronauts do experiments that help us on Earth. The next manned trip to the moon is planned for 2018.
Gravity keeps people grounded and prevents them from floating away into space! Young readers will learn how and why gravity works and discover how to measure it on Earth. Blastoff! Series
People must go through difficult training to become astronauts. Kids will learn how astronauts prepare for life in space, complete their missions, and survive above the atmosphere. Blastoff! Series